Physical development is all about how babies start to gain control of their own bodies. As your child grows and learns at Kangaroo Pouch their fine and gross motor skills will develop greatly. We will help this area to develop through a variety of resources, which children will learn to use successfully and safely, helping them to gain control and co-ordination. Children will also learn how to stay active and healthy.

PD is separated into 2 aspects:

·         Moving and Handling:

§  For babies we will offer a range of experiences such as bouncing, rolling, rocking and splashing, both indoors and outdoors.

§  As children grow they will gain more independence and we will encourage exploration of different patterns of movements, called schemas.

§  As your child gains more co-ordination, they will be taught how to complete useful tasks such as doing buttons and pouring water. We will also offer a variety of group activities such as throwing, rolling and receiving games, helping children develop physically in collaboration.

§  Resources we provide include small world toys, construction sets, outdoor climbing frames and outdoor tyres and crates, creating a range of physical challenges.


·         Health and self-care:

§  This is an important aspect as it helps children to gain a number of important life skills.

§  We will help children to enjoy food and encourage healthier choices by combining favourites with new tastes and textures.

§  We will support in routines such as toileting and hand-washing.

§  Practitioners will promote health awareness by talking to children about exercise, the effect is has on their bodies and overall health.

§  We will ensure children have opportunities to gain independence in this area by organising energetic games, establishing routines and instilling a self-awareness of their bodies and health.



Helping your child with Physical Development

0-11 months:

·       Put your child on their tummy or back and allow them to kick their legs.

·       Stroke your child’s cheeks or pat their back whilst talking to them.


8-20 months:

·       Put your child’s favourite toys on the floor so they can crawl to reach them.

·       Let you child use their fingers or use a spoon to try to feed themselves.

·       Let your child lift flaps in their books.


16-26 months:

·       Give your child a little bag to carry stuff when you are shopping to help develop moving and handling.

·       Let your child attempt to wash their hands and face independently.

·       Let your child try to put on their boots independently.


22-36 months:

·       Play ball games with your child.

·       Let your child help get their lunch ready, e.g. by letting them help cut bananas.


30-50 months:

·       Let your child practice using children’s scissors to cut paper.

·       Make an obstacle course for your child in garden to help develop their movement.

·       Teach your child about health and self care, with tasks like brushing their teeth twice a day.


40-60 months:

·       Play games such as football or basketball with your child.

·       Dance with your child when you hear your favourite songs.