PSED is important in helping children interact with others and develop positive relationships with peers, practitioners and parents. At Kangaroo Pouch our practitioners act as excellent role models for children, teaching and illustrating appropriate behaviour.

PSED is broken down into 3 aspects:

·         Making relationships:

§  This aspect is all about how children learn to get along with other children and adults.

§  We ensure that each child has a key person who acts as their role model and understands their wants and needs.

§  We ensure children feel welcome and give them an opportunity to join in and develop new friendships.

§  We plan activities that involve collaboration, sharing and turn-taking.


·         Self-confidence and self awareness:

§  Kangaroo Pouch key workers will offer extra support to your children in new situations, helping them to build confidence.

§  Children will also be encouraged to explore and to make their own choices about activities.

§  We will encourage your children every day, helping them to recognise their success. This gives children a sense of self-worth, making them feel valued.


·         Managing feelings and behaviour:

§  Children will learn about managing their own feelings while also recognising the feelings of others. This is a complex aspect to understand, but our practitioners will help your child every step of the way.

§  Children will learn how to label emotions, to recognise when their actions hurt others and to understand that all feelings are acceptable but not all behaviours are. This will help children to develop empathy towards others.


Helping your child to learn and develop in PSED

0-11 months:

·       Let your child copy your movements such as facial expressions and gestures.

·       Give your child a toy or a clean nappy to play with while nappy changing to help develop self confidence and self awareness.

·       Let your child see your face and hear your voice when they are grumpy or tired.


8-20 months:

·       Share photos and let your child meet the special grown-ups in their lives e.g. grandparents, aunts and uncles, to help them in making relationships.

·       Develop self awareness by letting your child look at themselves in the mirror, pointing to their nose, arms, legs etc.

·       Let your child hold a special toy or comforter when upset to help manage feelings.


16-26 months:

·       Play copying games with your child. Copy their behaviour and actions.

·       Share photos and videos with your child doing activities and actions and talk to your child about what they are doing.

·       Let your child help you with serving food, so everyone has something to eat.


22-36 months:

·       Make dens using pillows and blankets that your child can play in with yourself or their friends to help make relationships.

·       Make a box with different arts and craft items that your child can choose from when making pictures and models.

·       Develop a routine for your child, telling them about the correct order to do things, such as brushing teeth and getting dressed.


30-50 months:

·       Organise play dates with other children, with activities such as building things from cardboard boxes or fabric. This helps forge relationships with their peers.

·       Engage in role play with your child. Let them dress up as doctors, nurses, shop keepers, firefighters etc.

·       Explain to your child acceptable and unacceptable behaviour.


40-60 months:

·       When taking your child to the park, ask your child what they want to do there and what they can see.

·       Encourage your child to come up with ideas of how you can help them in certain activities 

·       Talk to your child about keeping safe, for example when crossing the road.