Mathematics involves using numbers and shape, space and measure for everyday problem solving. Our nurseries have a variety of resources, providing mathematical opportunities, allowing children to explore, count, compare, measure and sort. Mathematics is divided into two aspects:
- Numbers: children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.
- Shape, space and measures: children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.
Helping your child to learn and develop in Mathematics
· Help your child clap in time as you sing songs.
· Let you child play and explore with the things around them.
· Sing number rhymes to your child.
· Let your child explore different objects of different sizes, to learn what they can do with these objects.
· Count with your child as you put their clothes on, such as ‘one button, two buttons etc’. This will help develop an understanding of numbers.
· Encourage your child to play with puzzles where they have to put the piece in the matching shape.
· Sing counting rhymes such as ‘1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Once I Caught a Fish Alive’
· Let your child sort out clothes by pattern, colour, shape etc.
· Make skittles out of plastic bottles. Put numbers on the bottles and when one is knocked down, ask your child what the number is.
· Let your child build structures from boxes or wooden bricks, using words like ‘long’ or ‘tall’ to describe the structure.
· Play number snap or bingo with your child.
· Sing songs which involve your child counting backwards such as ‘Five Little Ducks’.
· Let your child sort out pairs of shoes from big to small.