Literacy in the Early Years covers much more than just reading and writing. Literacy also involves talking about books and print in the environment, mark making and learning how to speak and listen. Literacy is divided into two aspects:


  • Reading: Children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also read some common irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.


  • Writing: Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.



Helping your child to learn and develop in Literacy

0-11 months:

·       Show your child that reading is fun and you enjoy it.

·       Read board books or cloth books with your child.


8-20 months:

·       Let your child hold books while you read to them.

·       Visit the library with your child.

·       Give your child chunky pencils and crayons to play with.


16-26 months:

·       Let your child explore different books.

·       Begin mark-making with your child using chunky pencils and crayons to help develop writing skills.


22-36 months:

·       Encourage your child to use toys to help share stories with you.

·       When reading stories that you know well, stop at different parts and let your child try to tell you the missing words.

·       Draw and paint with your child.


30-50 months:

·       Let your child choose their own books when you visit the library.

·       Read signs to children, when you are out and about.

·       Tell your child what you are writing when you make a shopping list for example.


40-60 months:

·       Play games that involve using letters and words.

·       Let your child read to you and ask them questions.

·       Make a family photo book for your child and allow them to write their own words in it.